关于“EXP-00056: ORACLE error 12154 encountered”的解决方法

有用户问到这样一个问题,在进行导出操作时如何转义口令中的@符号?
由于缺省的Oracle会将@符号后面的字串当作服务名来解析,所以不加处理是不行的。
有的企业因为安全规则的需要,口令中都会加入@符号。

假定用户口令如下:
 
SQL> alter user eygle identified by "eygle@com";

User altered.
 

如果缺省导出会出现如下错误:
 
[oracle@jumper oracle]$ exp eygle/eygle@com file=eygle.dmp tables=test

Export: Release 9.2.0.4.0 – Production on Fri Jan 4 11:17:48 2008
Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

EXP-00056: ORACLE error 12154 encountered
ORA-12154: TNS:could not resolve service name
EXP-00000: Export terminated unsuccessfully
 

通过转义,可以成功导出:
 
[oracle@jumper oracle]$ exp eygle/"eygle@com" file=eygle.dmp tables=test

Export: Release 9.2.0.4.0 – Production on Fri Jan 4 11:12:10 2008
Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.4.0 – Production
With the Partitioning option
JServer Release 9.2.0.4.0 – Production
Export done in ZHS16GBK character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set

About to export specified tables via Conventional Path …
. . exporting table                          TEST      4136 rows exported
 

-The End-

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